Ping pong balls are made of celluloid or plastic or mostly known as poly plastic. Plastic balls are commonly used nowadays, coming out of celluloid balls because of their lightweight structure. Meanwhile, ping pong paddles are made of wood mostly.
The paddle blade is mostly made of using wood and sometimes with a mixture of carbon fiber. However, wooden handles are also common, and so carbon fiber handles. The user can also add a grip tape on the handle for added comfort.
What is used to make a ping pong ball?
There are mainly two types of materials used to made ping pong balls, celluloid and poly plastic. How well the ball is going to bounce on the table surface depends on the structure of the ball.
Celluloid structure: Celluloid is a combination of nitrocellulose and camphor. But the makers need to give this composition a softer feel before producing the balls. To do so they soak the composition into a hot alcohol solution. It is kept there until the composition is ready to use.
According to the International Table Tennis Federation, celluloid is a flammable material that increases the chances of risk using this type of ball.
Polyplastic structure: To come out of the risky flammable factor, ITTF approved plastic balls to be used in recreational and also in official competitions. These poly plastic balls are a lot lighter than celluloid balls, which allow them to produce more bounce on the table surface.
The easiness of constructing plastic ping pong balls made this material the most usable one to construct ping pong balls.
What’s inside a ping pong ball
It doesn’t matter whether the ball is made of celluloid or plastic, the inside of the ball is filled with air. This creates a hollow structure inside it allowing it to produce adequate bounce. However, the bounce doesn't only depend on the hollow construction but also the weight of the ball.
You may not like extra bounces while practicing ping pong with a ball launcher alone. Lighter balls are made to produce more bounces compared to heavier balls. But heavier balls are better for speed, and that's why professionals love to play with slightly heavier balls.
What is a ping pong paddle made of
Before going on to the construction of a ping pong paddle, it is needed to know the two parts of a paddle. The first one is the blade and the second one is the handle.
Construction: The paddle's blade is either made of wood or a composition of wood and carbon fiber. According to the International Table Tennis Federation, the blade should have at least 85% wooden construction. Professional players rely on paddles with 5-layer or 7-layer wooden construction mostly.
Advantages: Wooden blades provide better control with spin. However, composite ones are great for speed, bounce, and stability.
Rubber layer: There is also rubber used on both the wooden surfaces to have a smooth connection with the ball. The rubbers are spongy and the thickness of the rubber plays a vital role in giving speed and control to the shots. Thicker rubber is ideal for speed, but a thinner one is made to provide control.
Construction: Likewise the blade of the paddle, the handle is also constructed of either wood or carbon fiber. Wooden handles are the most liked one because of the durability they offer. They are excellent for long-time usage. However, you may not find similar durability in carbon fiber handles, but you can upgrade the durability level by ensuring the quality.
Most ping pong paddles come with rounded handles, though some rare ones have square-edged handles as well.
Grip: The grip depends on the type of handle you have in the paddle. However, many professionals love wrapping the handle with grip tape to ensure better control over it.
Types of ping pong paddle handle
Depending on the comfort and demand of the users, there are mainly three types of handles used in the ping pong paddles.
Anatomic handle: Attacking players fancy having this type of handle because of the wave-shaped grip. The middle part of the handle is bigger compared to the flared lower part.
Flared handle: If you are a forehand dominant type player, flared handle is made for you. It possesses a wider shape at the end of the handle.
Straight handle: Most European player loves this type of handles because of the simple, straighter design.
How heavy a ping pong paddle is
A regulation size wooden ping pong paddle weighs around 70 to 100 grams or 2.47 ounces to 3.53 ounces. The weight of the paddle controls the performance you are going to provide on the table surface. However, the weight is defined without the rubber on the blade.
- Lightweight paddles weighing less than 80 grams are ideal for speed.
- Paddles weighing less than 90 grams are perfect for those who want better spin with speed as well.
- To have good control and stability over your game, you should go for a heavier paddle weighing over 90 grams.
Size of ping pong paddle
The overall length of a ping pong paddle ranges from 9.45 inches to 10.25 inches or 24 to 26 cm. However, the blade of the paddle is 6.7 inches long on average, and the width is 5.9 inches approximately. A regulation-size ping pong table comes with a handle length of 3.75 to 3.93 inches.
Read more : Ping pong table for garage reviews
Are ping pong paddles expensive?
As long as you are a beginner, a ping pong paddle isn’t expensive for you, or you don't have to spend many dollars on this. For your boudget is low yon can chose cheap ping pong table under $300. But a pro player's performance relies on the quality of the paddle, which allows him to spend more on this. If your space is not much you must buy portable ping pong table.
So ping pong balls are mostly made of poly plastic, and the paddles are made using wooden or wooden composition.